Bylandt, H.A.Graaf Van,
Dogs of all Nations: their varieties, characteristics, points, etc.
(London: 1904) 2 vols. 789, 798 pp.; 2300 illustrations;
I: Sporting dogs; II: Terriers and non-sporting dogs;
text in English, French, German & Dutch, republished in a
moderately-reduced facsimile with meticulously-completed references in 1994.
Almost since commencing the Poodle History Project in the
mid-1990's we've wanted to present the relevant (to Poodles) portions of Bylandt's
Dogs of all Nations (1904 edition). Our reasons were:
This book represents a (beautifully-defined) slice in Poodle-time,
a visual interpretation of a (largely retained) written breed standard.
includes the Barbet, which had by then separated from the Caniche,
and several cousins, the Curly-Coated Retriever, the Pudel-Pointer, the Irish
Water Spaniel, and surprises us with the English Water Spaniel,
which has a less obvious dose of
Poodle/proto-Poodle than does Stubbs' "Water Spaniel" more than a
century previous in the
British Art Center at Yale. (NB: We must be wary of identifying
breeds through images recently-named for the convenience of modern art
historians; Oudry's various Poodles/proto-Poodles officially
dubbed "spaniels" are an
obvious cautionary example; in creating the Poodle History Project, we
go by the "if it looks like a duck and quacks..."
rule of thumb, and thus hope that we bring joy to all those
interested in the various cousins, by not rejecting,
and thus losing, a likely reference.)
2. Omissions are conspicuous by their absence. For example,
among the "cousins", here are no Portugese, Italian, or Spanish
Water Dogs--in the 1890's still-working versions of the old
pan-European Poodle/proto-Poodle! A rationale for leaving out those
three varieties of water dog
(the English version is supposed to be by then extinct)
by the fact that Rough and Smooth Collies are fully represented,
perhaps because of their
popularity with the British aristocracy, whereas their shepherds' Sheep Dogs and
Border Collies are absent: this book was written as an aid to conformation
judges and breeders, and conformation exhibition implies a travelling, leisured
middle class; until a variety is taken up and developed as a breed in relation to
the dog show movement, that variety was evidently less relevant to it.
Perhaps this is the reason for the absence of the Pulik, likely the most
ancient of our gang. And, no Bichon Frisé
among the "shocks" despite a frequent appearance
of proto-Bichons in the Poodle History Project's art history sections.
Here is substantial documentation of
draught dogs and their gear. This is helpful to the Poodle History
Project: Poodles large and small were used as draught dogs, albeit
for parodic entertainment on the one hand, and convenience on the other
dogs and Draught dogs .
The pages presented here are taken from the facsimile printed in 1994.
We have requested permission to upload these pages
reproduced from the 1904 edition
(out of copyright; beyond our means) facsimile (also rare, but not
quite as expensive, which may in fact
not be subject to copyright restrictions--which the Poodle History
Project respects highly--
because it is a facsimile), and have failed
to obtain a response, having followed several leads. The publisher seems no longer to
exist; the volumes were published through very generous donations
of a long list of individual subscribers; the editor is a distinguished
librarian and scholar who appears now (September, 2006) to be retired.
We regret the lack of permission. We are grateful for this brilliantly-
careful republication, and hope this material
will be fruitful for careful study by our readers.
We present the following pages from Bylandt:
Technical terms, vol. I, pp. ix-xvi
Pudel-Pointer, vol. I, pp. 113-7
Irish Water Spaniel, vol. I, pp. 188-195
English Water Spaniel, vol. I, pp. 196-199
Retriever, Curly Coat, vol. I, pp. 268-275
Barbet, vol. I, pp. 286-290
Poodle, vol. II, pp. 651-670
Maltese, Bolognese, and Little Lion Dog, vol. II, pp. 722-734
Trufflehound, vol. II, pp. 772-3
Draught Dog, vol. II, pp. 788
We show only the first page of this section; if you are interested in
draft-dogs and their rigs, the entire section, pp. 788-95, will be of
interest. Two-wheel and four-wheel carts are shown; dogs hitched singly,
and in tandem.
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