PBSTD5

Breed standards: USA--American Kennel Club

Breed standard as of 9 Janaury 2002.

Standard published in the United States in 1901

General Appearance: Long, skull large with plenty of room for brain power; wide between the eyes with slight peak; the parts over eyes well arched. The muzzle long and not thick, slightly tapering, but not too deep; the stop defined but not to a very great extent. The roof of the mouth black (preferably) with teeth perfectly level, strong and white.

Eyes and Ears: Eyes medium size, rather dark, bright, with intelligent expression and set at right angles with line of face. Nose large, perfectly black in color, with wide open nostrils. Ears very long, close to cheek, low set on, well covered with curls or cords.

Neck and Chest: The neck well proportioned, very strong so as to admit of head being carried high and with dignity. the chest fairly deep but not too wide, strong and well covered with muscles.

Legs and Feet: Forelegs perfectly straight, very muscular and set on "racing lines" long enough to raise the body well from the ground, but not leggy. Hind legs muscular, fairly well bent, with hocks well let down. Feet strong, well proportioned, slightly spread, standing well on toes, and of good shape; nails perfectly black and pads capacious and hard.

Back: Fair length, with body well ribbed-up, the loins very strong and muscular but without fat.

Tail: Carried well up, length from 3 to 5 inches (preferred) with curls or cords.

Coat: If curly, the curls should be very thick and close, with the hair of silky texture. If corded, the cords should be thick and strong, hanging in long ropy cords.

Weight limits: The weights are divided into sizes, viz: Large size, over 40 pounds. Medium size, over 20 pounds to 40 pounds inclusive. Small size, 20 pounds or under.

Scale of Points: Coat 20, Color 10, Head 10, Muzzle 5, Eyes 5, Legs and Feet 15, Back and Loins 10, Neck and Chest 5, Stern 5, General Appearance and Symnmetry 15.

Standard set by The Poodle Club in England in 1886 and published in the United States in 1905

General Appearance: That of a very active, intelligent and elegant looking dog, well built and carrying himself proudly.

Head: Long, straight and fine, the skull not broad, with a slight peak at the back.

Muzzle: Long (but not snipey) and strong--not full in cheek; teeth white, strong and level, gums black; lips black and tight fitting.

Eyes: Almond shaped, very dark brown, full of fire and intelligence.

Nose: Black and sharp.

Ears: The leather long and wide, set on low, hanging close to the face.

Neck: Well-proportioned and strong, to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity.

Shoulders: Strong and muscular, sloping well to the back.

Chest: Deep and moderately wide.

Back: Short, strong and slightly curved, the loins broad and muscular, the ribs well sprung and braced up.

Legs: Set straight from the shoulder, with plenty of bone and muscle.

Feet: Rather small and of good shape, the toes well arched; pads thick and hard.

Tail: Set on rather high, well carried, never curled or carried over the back.

Coat: Very profuse and of good texture; if corded, hanging in tight even cords.

Colours: All white, all black, all red, all blue, etc. The White Poodle should have dark eyes, black or dark liver nose, lips, and toenails. The Red Poodle should have dark amber eyes, dark liver nse, lips and toenails. The Blue Poodle should be of even colour, without patches of white or black, and have dark eyes, lips and toenails. All the other points of white, red and blue Poodles should be the same as the perfect Black Poodle.

Add to coat, if non-corded Poodle: The coat should be very profuse, and of hard texture, of even length and have no suggestion of cord in it and can be either curly or fluffy.

The Toy Poodle: The Toy Poodle should resemble the Poodle in every respect except: Coat: often softer and silky. Height: under 12 inches. Weight: under 10 pounds. (This was added in 1905 in U.S.)

Scale of Points: General Appearance 10, Head 15, Eyes and Expression 10, Neck and Shoulders 10, Shape of Body and Loins and Back 15, Legs and Feet 10, Coat 15, Carriage of Stern 5, Bone, Muscle and Condition 10.

Standard published in the United States in 1916 is identical except:

Back: Short and strong, and slightly hollowed, the loins broad and muscular, the ribs well sprung and braced up.

Legs: Forelegs set straight from the shoulders, with plenty of bone and muscle; hind legs very muscular and well bentg, with the hocks well let down.

Coat: Very profuse and of good hard texture; if corded, hanging in tight even cords; if non-corded, very thick and strong, of even length, the curls close and thick, without knots or cords.

It is strongly recommended that only one-third of the body be clipped or shaved, and that the hair on the forehead be left on.

Scale of points: General Appearance and Movement 15, Head and Ears 15, Eyes and Expression 10, Neck and Shoulders 10, Shape of Body, Loin, Back and Carriage of Tail 15, Legs and Feet 10, Coat and Color and Texture of Coat 15, Bone, Muscle and Condition 10.

The Toy Poodle: is all white. The Toy should not exceed 12 inches at the shoulder, be not over 10 pounds, and be a miniature of the full-sized dog. The coat must be very profuse and of a soft silky nature.

Standard published by The American Kennel Club in the first edition of Pure-Bred dogs in 1929

Poodles are all black, all white, all white with lemon ears, all red, all apricot, all brown or all blue.

In general appearance the Poodle is a very active, intelligent and elegant looking dog; well built and carrying himself very proudly.

Head should be long, straight and fine, the skull not broad, with a slight peak at the back; muzzle long but not snipey; teeth white, strong and level; gums not showing lippiness.

Eyes: Almond shaped, dark, full of fire and intelligence, color following the color of the coat except in the all white which should be black and in the white with lemon ears which may be brown or blue.

Nose: Black, except in the white with lemon ears in which it may be pink or liver color, as may also be the lips and toenails.

Ears: Long and wide, low set and hanging close to the face.

Neck: Well proportioned, strong to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity.

Shoulders: Strong and muscular and sloping, with the chest deep and wide.

Back: Short and strong; loins broad and muscular, with the ribs well sprung and braced up.

Feet: Small, rouind, good shaped toes, well arched, pads thick and hard.

Forelegs: Set straight from the shoulder with plenty of bone and muscle; hindlegs muscular and well bent.

Tail: Set rather high and carried gaily.

Coat: Must be profuse, curly and of wiry texture, or cords of a silky texture.

Action: Is proud and graceful.

Weight: Miniature 12 to 20 pounds; large over 20 pounds.

Scale of Points: General Appearance and Movement 15, Head and Ears 15, Neck and Shoulders 10, Body 10, Back 10, Tail Carriage 5, Coat, color and texture 15, Legs and Feet 10, Bone (which should be fine), Muscle and Condition 10.

Standard for Poodles as approved 1959

The Board of Directors of The American Kennel Club has approved the following new standard for Poodles.

1. General Appearance, Carriage and Condition
That of a very active, intelligent and elegant-looking dog, squarely built, well-proportioned, moving soundly and carrying himself proudly. Properly clipped in the traditional fashion and carefully groomed, the poodle has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar to himself.

2. Head and Expression
(a) Skull: moderately rounded, with a slight but definite stop. Cheek-bones and muscles flat.
Muzzle: long, straight and fine, with a slight chiseling under they eyes. Strong without lippiness. The chin definite enough to preclude snippiness. Teeth white, strong and with scissors bite. Nose sharp with well-defined nostrils.
(b) Eyes: set far apart, very dark, full of fire and intelligence, oval in appearance.
(c) Ears: set low and hanging close to the head. The leather should be long, wide and heavily feathered.

3. Neck and Shoulders
Neck well proportioned, strong and long to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity. Skin snug at the throat. The neck should rise from strong muscular shoulders which slope back from their point of angulation at the upper foreleg to the withers.

4. Body
The chest deep and moderately wide. The ribs well sprung and braced up. The back short, strong and slightl hollowed, the loins short, broad and muscular. (Bitches may be longer in the back than dogs.)

5. Tail
Straight, set on rather high, docked, but of sufficient length to insure a balanced outline. It should be carried up and in a gay manner.

6. Legs
The foreleg straight from the shoulder, parallel and with bone and muscle in proportion to the size of dog. The pasterns should be strong. The hindlegs very muscular, stifles well bent and hocks well let down. The thigh should be well developed, muscular and showing width in the region of the stifle to insure strong and graceful motion. The four feet should turn neither in nor out.

7. Feet
Rather small and oval in shape. Toes arched, close and cushioned on thick, hard pads.

8. Coat
Quality: very profuse, of harsh texture and dense throughout.
Clip: a Poodle may be shown in the "Puppy" Clip or in the traditioinal "Continental" Clip or the "English Saddle" Clip.
A Poodle under a year old may be shown in the "Puppy" Clip with the coat long except the face, feet and base of tail, which should be shaved.
Dogs one year old or older may be shown in either the "Continental" Clip or "English Saddle" clip.
In the "Continental" Clip the hind quarters are shaved with pompons on hips (optional). The face, feet, legs and tail are shaved leaving bracelets on the hindlegs, puffs on the forelegs and a pompon at the end of the tail. The rest of the body must be left in full coat.
In the "English Saddle" Clip the hind quarters are covered with a short blanket of hair except for a curved shaved area on the flank and two shaved bands on each hindleg. The face, feet, forelegs and tail are shaved leaving puffs on the forelegs and a pompon at the end of the tail. The rest of the body must be left in full coat.

9. Color
The coat must be an even and solid color at the skin. In blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams teh coats may show faryintg shades of the same color. this is frequently present in the somewhat darker featehring of the ears and in the tipping of the ruff. while clear colors are definitely preferred such natureal variatioin in the shading of teh coat is not to be considered a fault. Brown and cafe-au-lait Poodles have black noses, eye-rims and lips, black or self-colored toenails and very dark eyes. In the apricots while black is preferred, liver-colored noses, eye-rims and lips, self-colored toenails and amber eyes are permitted but are not desirable.

10. Gait
A stright forward trot with light springy action. Head and tail carried high. Forelegs and hindlegs should move parallel turning neither in nor out. Sound movement is essential.

11. Size
The Standard Poodle is over 15 inches at the withers. Any Poodle which is 15 inches or less in height shall be disqalified from competition as a Standard Poodle.
The Miniature Poodle is 15 inches or under at the withers, with a minimum height in excess of 10 inches. Any Poodle which is over 15 inches or 10 inches or less at the withers shall be disqualified from competition as a Miniature Poodle.
The Toy Poodle is 10 inches or under at the withers. Any Poodle which is more than 10 inches at the withers shall be disqualified from competition as a Toy Poodle.

12. Value of Points
General appearance, carriage and condition 20
Head, ears, eyes and expression 20
Neck and shoulders 10
Body and tail 15
Legs and feet 15
Coat--color and texture 10
Gait 10

13. Major Faults
Eyes: round in appearance, protruding, large or very light.
Jaws: undershot, overshot, or wry mouth.
Cow-hocks.
Feet: flat or spread.
Tail: set low, curled or carried over the back.
Shyness.

14. Disqualifications
Parti-colors: The coat of a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the skin but is variegated in patches of two or more colors.
Any type of clip other than those listed in Section 8.
Any size over or under the limits specified in Section 11.

The five breed standards presented above are taken from POODLES IN AMERICA, vol. 1 (PCA, 1960), pp. 16-22.

The headpiece for this section is "under construction."

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