Although there are sections on Poodles in all of the major Victorian and Edwardian dog books, and although a large chunk of Markham's Hungers Prevention (see Duck dogs -- guns)consists of a Water Dog (Poodle) training manual, English-language books entirely about Poodles did not exist before Methuen published an Our Friend the Dog series, among which was Our Friend the Poodle: Miniature and Standard.(London: 1948). During the 1950s and into the 1960s, authors made up for lost time. Here's a list of selected books and magazines published before 1965:
Bowring, Clara and Monro, Alida. The Popular Poodle (London: Popular Dogs, 1953). 190 pp. Reprinted and revised 1957 (1958?) and 1962. Republished as: The poodle, reprinted and revised (London: Popular Dogs, 1965. 226 pp. and evidently in an American edition The Poodle (NY: Macmillan, 1966). Here's a review of this book by E.LaG., 13 Sept. '98: "Discusses poodle origins, early poodles, corded poodles. But, what really interested me was the advice on grooming and showing. Instructions are given for socializing young dogs that are going to be shown. Take them frequently on buses and to the railway station so they will get used to it. The actual training is common sense stuff that is still used today. Speak in pleasant tones, make training pleasant and fun and don't spend too long at a time. Have a romp before and after. One that I especially found interesting was to mark out the breed ring in your own garden and practice going round and down and back in the proper space. When they said breed ring, they meant Breed Ring: 'If you have a yard or a lawn take the dog there and mark out, in your mind's eye, a circle of a size equivalent to that of a Show Ring. The Kennel Club has laid down in its Show Regulations that a Ring must contain at least five hundred square feet of clear floor space and be not less than sixteen feet in width.' .... And when you are entering the show grounds 'go quietly, do not push or shove as this may easily upset your dog.' Here are very clear instructions for clipping a saddle: I love this clip and wish that one of these days I will be expert enough to get away with showing a dog in this clip. An addendum states that 'in 1960, the Kennel Club amended the regulations regarding the registration of Poodles, Miniature and Toy. Toy Poodles can now be registered as Toys early in life, and if, by the time they are adult, they grow higher than 11 inches at the shoulder they can be transferred to the Miniature Register: the same applies to Miniature Poodles registered as such but which fail to measure 11 inches at the shoulder when mature.' All through the book Standard Poodles are referred to as Poodles. Miniatures are Miniatures and Toys are Toys. There is a list of champions with sire and dam from June 1946 to June, 1961."
Bowring, Clara. Poodles (London: Batsford, 1960; New York: Viking, 1960, reprinted 1961). 64 pp. illus. The following review was kindly forwarded by EG, 12/98: "It's a typical breed book in many respects, with sections on breed history, the standard, feeding, grooming, and training. It has some interesting differences from other breed books I have seen though. The author is quite opinionated and doesn't hesitate to express herself. For example: 'The Dutch clip is grotesque' (p. 5). She discusses, compares, and offers her opinions on the relative merits of the KC, AKC, and FCI breed standards. The most noteworthy part of the book is the center section of 37 b/w photographs depicting poodles with various hairstyles engaged in many different activities. Interestingly, almost all the pictures are by German photographers, presumably of German poodles. I particularly liked her description of parti-colored poodles as 'very charming' (p. 6)! [EG is the owner of a very charming rescued parti-coloured Mini.]"
Cameo, Miss T. F. H., see Waldschmidt, Kay (pseud. Miss Cameo).
Crews, Connie. Poodle Champions. Researched, compiled, and produced authentically by Mrs. Connie Crews, "Wyngarth", Wheal Leisure, Perranporth, Cornwall, TR6 0EY, tel. 087-257-2363. Undated (perhaps after 1965), produced apparently in sections, for example: "Standard 1880-1940". 6-generation conformation champion (all or mostly English?) pedigrees, photographs, notes, etc.
Daly, MacDonald, Our Pal the Poodle [with plates] (London & Glasgow: W.R. Chambers, 1955), 48 pp.
Dangerfield, Stanley. Your poodle and mine (London: Rockliff, 1954). 122 pp.; 3rd edition, 1957.Erlanger, Alene, Pet Poodle; The Health of Your Poodle, by Joseph A. S. Millar. (Fond du Lac, WI: All-Pets Books, 1956, 1958). 80 pp. Alene Erlanger's distinguished Standard and Miniature prefix was Pillicoc.
Fitzgerald, Brian Vesey, ed., Book of the Dog (London: Nicholson and Watson, 1948). Chapter titled "On Selecting a Breed" by John Board, p. 72: "Of all the dogs that have shared my life, I am inclined to believe a Poodle, whom I had to leave behind in Ceylon, when the first German war broke out, justified the description of the perfect dog, as much by reason of his failings as of his virtues. Incidentally, one of the greatest of these (virtues), was that he was the most perfect dog for a rough shoot that I ever fired a gun over.... This was indeed a specialist, for whether as a companion, a clown, a sympathetic friend, or a highly skilled expert, he has had no equal in my experience." LJ, 25 Jan. '01: "There are also some wonderful photos of Poodle art/ceramics in the chapter titled "The Dog in Art."
Hart, Ernest Huntley. How to clip your own Poodle (Jersey City: T.F.H. Publications, 1963), 56 pp.
Henry, Paul-Marc (as told to Paul-Marc Henry by Bête Noir), Poodlestan: a Poodle's Eye View of History, illus. by Peter Ustinov (NY: Reynal, 1965) (see also ...Lit..., under Noir, Bête). "A light view of famous poodles through history with some interesting facts but, rats, no bibliography." MH, 10 Aug. '97.
Hopkins, Lydia. The Complete Poodle (Silver Spring, MD: Denlinger's, 1951). 337 pp. We've drawn heavily on the 3rd edition (NY: Howell, 1962). This marvelous and frustrating (because accurate, information-packed and yet almost entirely unreferenced) book has a complex history of revisions and remains in print today, the labour of love of Mackey J. Irick, Jr., The New Poodle (NY: Howell, 1986).
Hoyt, Hayes Blake. Your Poodle. (NY: G.P/ Putnam & Sons, 1951; London: Popular Dogs, 1952). 141/120 pp. Mrs. Sherman Hoyt (Blakeen kennels) was one of several pioneers of Poodles in the United States.
Johns, Rowland, ed. Our Friend the Poodle (London: Methuen, 1948). 117 pp.; illus. with photograph of unidentified SP, and of unidentified MP; diagrams of various clips. One in "Our Friend the Dog Series" (numbering 29 in 1948). Chapter titles: What People Think of the Poodle [opinion; 11 pp]; Good Stories About Poodles [mostly from Jesse, 1858, see above; 5 pages]; The Artists Tell the Truth [very valuable because the author had the opportunity to admire Basil Ionidies' Poodle-prints collection (see "...Visuals"); 10 pp]; From Medieval Chateau to Modern Showring [unreferenced; 12 pages]; Buying, Breeding and Exhibiting [16 pp]; Colours of Poodles [5 pp]; Training Poodles [pet-level obedience; 10 pp]; Shaving for Sporting Purposes, Clipping etc. [includes chunk of Markham re 17th century grooming]; Care and Trimming of the Poodle Coat [14 pp, period piece re d.y.s. grooming]; Glossary [includes breed standard; nine pp]; Common Ailments [including colic, not including bloat; including distemper; not including the genetically transmitted diseases which concern us today: hip dysplasia, etc.; 17 pp].
Martin, Lester A., This Is the Poodle (Jersey City: THF Publications: 1960), 238 pp. "Lots of show pictures that give the names of dog and handler but not the judge. Ann Rogers Clark was at a show in my area so I asked her to go through the book and give ne names of the judges. Bless her, page by page she leafed through, wrote page # and names of the ones she knew. There were only two she didn't know..." JK, 28 July '97.
Miller, Evelyn. How to Raise and Train a Poodle (NY: Sterling Publications, 1957), 64 pp.
Naylor, Leonard E., Poodles (UK: Williams & Norgate: 2nd edition, 1952). 80 pp; much on grooming; chapter on temperament. North American 2nd edition: NY: Barnes, 1954.
Poodle Club of America. Poodles in America: a comprehensive record from 1929 to 1959, presented by the Poodle Club of America, Inc., compiled and edited by William H. Ivens (1960; 2nd printing, 1970). This is the first in a series; a new volume is published every five years, most recently VIII (1990-1994), and all are available from the email@example.com. Also noted, two pamphlets (1950?): Clipping the Poodle and Description and Standard of Points of the Ideal Poodle.
Price, P. Howard. The Miniature Poodle Handbook (London: Nicholson & Watson, 1960), 131 pp. Includes a chapter on the Poodle in art by Gerald Massey.
Rogers, Alice Lang. Poodles in Particular: history, care and management (NY: Orange Judd, 1951). 263 pp. Mrs. Byron Rogers (Misty Isles kennels) was a pioneer of Poodles in North America. A classic. "First illustration is a pastel head study of the author's foundation bitch, Anita von Lutterspring (1928?-1939), really caught my eye..." MC 8 Sept. '98
Sheldon, Margaret Rothery and Lockwood, Barbara.
--Poodles (London: W. & G. Foyle, 1957), 94 pp. [Foyles Handbooks]
--Clipping Your Poodle (London: W.& G. Foyle, 1960), 96 pp. [Foyles Handbooks]
--Breeding from Your Poodle (London: 1963), 92 pp. [Foyles Handbooks]
--The Poodle Owner's Encyclopedia, illustrated by Audrey J. Arnott, (London: Pelham, 1965), 156 pp.
--All About Poodles (London: 1970). Although the last title was published five years too late for this section, we include it here because of related interest.
Sherwood, Basil. The French Poodle. An unintelligent man's guide. (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1962). Book of photos of Poodles in adorable or funny poses. See Old-timey (and not so old-timey) photos.
Tracy, T.H. The Book of the Poodle ( NY: Viking Press, Inc., 1950; London: Harvill, 1951), 122 pp. Advertised as the first complete book ever to be written in America about Poodles which recounts the legends and history of the breed, and also serves as a practical handbook for Poodle owners. Some famous poodle owners--among them Quentin Reynolds, Ilka Chase, Joan Crawford, Mignon G. Eberhart--contributed pieces of appreciation.
Waldschmidt, Kay (pseud. Miss Cameo), The Poodle Clipping Book, over 50 Poodle Styles with Step-By-Step Instructions by Miss Cameo (Jersey City: TFH, 1962).
Walne, Shirley. The A-Z of Poodles (London: Max Parrish, 1960), 99 pp. Shirley Walne (with Nellie Ionides) used the famous English prefix Vulcan Champagne. We note that Shirley Walne is also the author of The Poodle, (UK: Bartholomew, 1977), approximately the same length: query--is this a reprint, or new edition, or a different book?
"Our Gallery of Dogs, --Poodles." Article from The American Agriculturist, December 1884, p.553: "The Poodle is essentially a German breed of dogs--introduced into that country in the latter part of the sixteenth century, and has ever since been a growing favorite with all classes. Two kinds of dogs are known among us as Poodles, namely, the German or true Poodle, and the French Poodle. The latter is a diminutive, useless, lap-dog, with white, silky hair, forming a copious mop about the head, neck and shoulders, the body and hind quarters usually being closely shorn. The delicate little creatures have their faces usually stained and defaced by a running from the eyes, which are prone to be weak and unattractive. These are not akin to the German Poodles, which are in every way a superior breed of dogs. These are above medium size, of either black or white color, and of great activity, vivacity and intelligence. In fact, it is claimed for them by many, that they surpass all other breeds in intelligence, and this is in a measure corroborated by the fact, that the most remarkable tricksters of the shows are usually German Poodles. When we add to these qualities a certificate of the highest canine character, a depth of prompt obedience, fidelity, confidence, and affection, really remarkable, we can hardly say anything more in their favor. As to breeding, the two colors are kept separate, the white being bred pure, but in the black a patch of white on the breast is admissible; in both the nose and nails are black. Besides this distinction by color, another is found in the character of the hair, which in one breed is marked by glossy and tight curls, in the other it is woolly, not separating into distinct curls, but light and flocky, like locks of wool. If the hair of the common short-haired breed, described as forming close curls be allowed to grow, it forms ringlets, which are more curious than beautiful. The accompanying engraving shows well this interesting breed of dog." [Description of an accompanying engraving, MC, 9/99: "It shows three dogs: a small white lion-dog that could have stepped out of a Goya, a medium-sized black dog with shorn hind quarters and cords to the ground on front quarters and, a larger, heavier Stubbs type (with longer ears) white dog with relatively short all-over trim (though the one rear leg that shows, appears shorn up to the hock."] Please note the existence of a variety of 19th century and early 20th century magazines, which we haven't yet shaken down for Poodle references. Here's a partial list , in case you'd like to make this contribution to the Poodle History Project!
Our Poodle. This magazine was published monthly, apparently commencing in 1975, by Julian Publications, San Fernando, CA. Editor: Marilyn Julian. Published at least through the "Salute to Britain" edition, August 1977.
Poodle Review. This magazine, which commenced publication apparently in 1956, continues hale and hearty (1998).
Poodle Showcase commenced publication in 1964, and by the beginning of 1965, "appeared monthly (except September). Editor and publisher: Ted Doucette; associate editor: Hayes Blake Hoyt; staff artist: Jane Fitzsimmons [see: "...Visuals"].... received Best Breed Magazine awards in 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, and 1970" (BB, 23 June 1997); last issue was published in July 1971 (vol. vii, no. 4). Examples:
Notes--hunting truffles in Great Britain today: "Origin and History of the Poodle" (see ...guns and above; June, 1965 issue contains a letter to the editor, "Poodle in the Field" containing a letter written by Frank Bacheller, of Billings, Montana, to Joy Tongue (Acadia Standard Poodles, Portland, OR) about the pleasures of shooting over Acadia "Bogie", and five photos of Bogie retrieving a pheasant (see ...guns).
Ann Cambray Coppage (Vulcan), "Particolour Poodles", Our Poodle, "Salute to Britain" edition, August 1977, pp. 18-25; in frontispiece for this article is a painting of a parti-coloured Poodle attributed to Stubbs (see: "...Visuals", Stubbs, attributed to).
From Mrs. Connie Crews to Finnish Poodle Club, Cornwall, 1985, Puudeli, 3/85 (September '85). Letter in English translated into Finnish for publication in the Finnish Poodle Club's newsletter; our copy kindly translated back into English by Jaana Rinkinen, October '97. Contains information about Connie Crews' work on Poodle breeders, 1859-1984, using Kennel Club registration books.
"The Poodle", (no by-line) Field and Fancy, extra section, 27 September 1902. A general article. Balance of information about intelligence, trainability, ability in the field, and conformation according to assumptions in relation to a breed standard. All but one of a dozen Poodles illustrated in the historically-correct continental, thus providing a bench-mark for how late this survived as a standard clip.
Nellie Dagois, "The Poodle and his History", The Illustrated Kennel News, 15 (?) December 1912. Unreferenced (alas!) assertion that the Poodle shown in Rembrandt's self-portrait (see "...Visuals..."was the artist's own dog. Excerpt from Smith (1843); see above. Otherwise, tight focus on details of breeding for conformation exhibition in the latter part of the 19th century and early 20th.
"The Authentic English Poodle History", by Connie Crews. Seven?-part article (we lack the seventh part, promised at the end of the sixth), apparently published in Dog Owners Gazette after 1984. Almost entirely focussed on the tangled web of British Poodles contained in Volume 1 of the Kennel Club stud book (1859-74) and subsequently until approximately WWI. No information on 17th, 18th, or early 19th century Poodles in England.
Articles about Poodles by A. Croxton Smith appeared in Country Life during the 1930s and '40s, for example, we have a tear sheet from one which appeared in the 14 June 1930 issue, including pp. 877-8, and containing photographs of Stillington Claus and Stillington Christmas, Marquette and Jolicoeur, also Tricotine and Scarlett's Gillian which are of interest to many Poodle owners today. We've organized his articles, with others generally focussed on specific breeders, by breeders listed alphabetically:
Frenches--Rita Price-Jones (first Poodle was Vulcan Champagne D'Arcy, first post-WWII British conformation champion Poodle dog; bred SPs until 1974).
Piperscroft--Grace E.L. Boyd (started with a Nunsoe Poodle from Jane Lane in 1929).
Vulcan and Vulcan Champagne--The Hon. Nellie Ionides (bought first Poodle from Jane Lane in 1929 and shortly afterwards went into partnership with her for a few years; in 1946, took Shirley Walne into partnership.)
Whippendell--Millie Brunker (bought first Poodle in 1896).
During October 1998, MA very kindly forwarded several unreferenced typescripts of published articles from the 1930's by Alice Lang Rogers (Mrs. Byron Rogers; Misty Isles) and Hayes Blake Hoyt (Blakeen), and others.
We steer away from book reviews, recommendations, and so on, of recent (published after 1965), mostly-in-print books, manuals, magazines, etc. about Poodles. However, there are many good ones readily available. For one excellent selected list go to: Poodle Club of America, publications. Alternatively, refer to Books in Print, or work with the World Catalogue database.
Go back to Rare..., ...1948-1965